ConLaw Class 14 – The Enforcement Powers of the 14th Amendment

March 5th, 2014

The lecture notes are here. The live chat is here.

The Enforcement Powers of the 14th Amendment

  • Enforcement Powers (1306-1307).
  • The Civil Rights Cases (1307-1318).
  • Notes (1318-1322).
  • Note on 11th Amendment (1262-1263).
  • Sovereign Immunity (557-558).
  • 11th Amendment (558).
  • Chisolm v. Georgia (558-566).
  • Hans v. Louisiana (566-570).
  • City of Boerne v. Flores (1327-1337).
  • United States v. Morrison (1322-1327).

The Civil Rights Cases

The Grand Opera House in New York CIty, formerly known as Pike’s Opera House, was located on the Norhtwest Corner of 8th Avenue and 23rd Street, in Chelsea. It was was shut down in 1960.



Maguire’s Opera House, formerly known as San Francisco Hall, was a three-story theater on Washington Street between Kearny and Montgomery in San Francisco.



I was not able to find photographs of Nichol’s Inn in Jefferson City, MO, the Topeka Inn in Topeka, Kansas, or the Tennssee Parlor Car.

This is Justice John Marshall Harlan I, who authored the solo dissent in the Civil Rights Cases.


United States v. Morrison

This is Christy Brzonkala, the plaintiff in what would become United States v. Morrison. I could not find a photograph of Antonio J. Morrison and James Crawford.



City of Boerne v. Flores

Here are photographs of St. Peter the Apostle Church in Boerne, Texas, the subject of City of Boerne v. Flores. I suppose this church makes an exception to the “Though Shalt Not Kill” Commandment for the Religious Freedoms Restoration Act, which met its constitutional demise within the hallowed walls of this house of worship.

These photographs are courtesy of Hanah Volokh.