Could you pass Justice John Marshall Harlan’s 1899 Constitutional Law Exam?

August 16th, 2010

Here are the questions from Justice Harlan’s 1899 Constitutional Law Examination. I unearthed these from the treasure trove that is Justice Harlan II’s papers at the Library of Congress. Think you can handle these?

Hint. You do not need to cite any cases.

60 minutes. Closed book. You may begin.

  1. Besides the particular restraints upon the States, and certain powers vested in the Judiciary, enumerated the remaining powers comprehended under this head.
  2. How far does the power to regulate commerce among the states, extend? [J.B. Ha!]
  3. What particular objects does it comprehend? [J.B. Ha! Ha!]
  4. What interpretation has been given to the power with respect to commerce with the Indian tribes?
  5. In what character and relation are they regarded by the Constitution and laws of the United States?
  6. With what is the power to establish Post-Offices and Post-roads necessarily connected?
  7. Mention some of the benefits derived from it?
  8. How far is it exclusive?
  9. What implied powers have been exercised as incidental to it?
  10. What rule has been laid down in relation to the exercise of incidental and implied powers?
  11. What is the extent or limitations of the powers to coin money, to regulate its value, and that of foreign coins?
  12. What is the extent or limitation of the power to fix the standard of weights and measures?
  13. To what other powers is that of providing for the punishment of counterfeiting the public securities, and current coin of the United States, incidental?
  14. How far is it exclusive?
  15. What is the nature and advantage of the power to prescribe by general laws the manner in which the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of each state, shall be proved, and the effect they have in other States?
  16. What faith and credit are those of each State entitled to in the Courts of the United States?
  17. What effect have they as evidence in different cases?
  18. Under what circumstances are they admitted as prima facie evidence?Under what circumstances as conclusive evidence?
  19. What is meant by prima facie evidence?
  20. What is the nature and extent of the power to establish a uniform system of naturalization?
  21. To what rights are the citizens of each State entitled in all the others?
  22. Upon what ground is the power of naturalization held to be exclusive in the Federal Government?
  23. Who were entitled to the privileges of citizens of the United States, at the time of the Declaration of Independence? [J.B. I wish I had Justice Harlan’s answer key for Question #23. Would definitely help with Original Citizenship.]
  24. What difference is there in the rules upon this subject in the United States and Great Britain?
  25. What is the difference between the two Governments as to the doctrine of allegiance?
  26. What is the term applied to persons born out of the United States?
  27. What exceptions are there in the application of the term?
  28. What is the existing law of the United States relative to naturalization?
  29. What inducements have aliens coming to reside in this country to become citizens?
  30. What reasons were there for investing Congress with the power to establish uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies?
  31. Define the term bankruptcy.
  32. How far is this power exclusive.