Today we will continue our discussion of covenants, and focus on Racially Restrictive Covenants (RRCs) with respect to Shelley v. Kraemer.
Here is the text of the 14th Amendment:
No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
The 13th Amendment is the only Amendment to apply directly to individuals, and not the government:
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
I have an album of photos of the house from Shelley v. Kraemer here:
This the intersection of Plumas St. and W. Plumb Lane in Reno, Nevada.
This article explores some famous holdouts: